Menyoal Argumen Kebebasnilaian Teknologi dan Merumuskan Disiplin Ilmu Teknologi Islam

Source: irishtechnews. ie

Penulis: Juris Arrozy

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Abstract

The notion that technology is value-free is becoming a prevalent view amongst the technology practitioners, as depicted in the phrase “guns don’t kill people, people do”. This is inseparable from the definition of technology which has been narrowed down to a mere tools/artifacts and the shortcomings inherent in the existing human-technology interaction model. This paper aims to re-discuss to which extent the value-free argument of technology holds true. Based on the worldview analysis, it is evident that technology is in fact value-laden. A more comprehensive human-technology interaction model is additionally proposed to overcome the shortcomings of the previous models. Having proven that technology is in fact value-laden, this paper then examines how the comprehensive teaching of Islam as a worldview can provide as a basis for the discipline of Islamic technology, i.e. a discipline of knowledge which aims to formulate how the worldview of Islam serves as the foundation for the technological development and (contemporary) technology evaluation. Some topics on the worldview of Islam that are relevant to the inventor and user of technology as well as its implementation on the practical level are addressed to show the wide-ranging scope of the discipline of Islamic technology.

Keywords

technology, artifact, discipline, worldview, value-free, Islamic Technology.

Abstrak


Pendapat bahwa teknologi bersifat bebas nilai menjadi pandangan yang populer di kalangan praktisi teknologi, sebagaimana tergambar dalam kalimat “guns don’t kill people, people do”. Hal ini tidak terlepas dari definisi teknologi yang dipersempit menjadi sekadar alat/artefak dan kekurangan yang terdapat pada model interaksi manusia-teknologi yang ada. Makalah ini bertujuan untuk mendiskusikan ulang sejauh mana kebenaran argumen kebebasnilaian teknologi. Berdasarkan analisis pandangan alam (worldview), terbukti bahwa teknologi ternyata sarat akan nilai. Model hubungan manusia-teknologi yang lebih komprehesif juga diusulkan untuk mengatasi kekurangan pada model-model sebelumnya. Setelah dibuktikan bahwa teknologi ternyata sarat akan nilai, tulisan ini kemudian membahas bagaimana ajaran Islam yang komprehesif sebagai pandangan alam dapat menjadi dasar bagi disiplin ilmu teknologi Islam, yaitu disiplin ilmu yang merumuskan bagaimana pandangan alam Islam menjadi pondasi bagi pengembangan teknologi dan evaluasi teknologi (kontemporer). Beberapa tema pandangan alam Islam yang relevan dengan pembuat dan pengguna teknologi serta implementasinya pada ranah praktis juga dibahas untuk menunjukkan luasnya cakupan disiplin ilmu teknologi Islam.

Kata Kunci

teknologi, artefak, disiplin ilmu, pandangan alam, bebas nilai, teknologi Islam.

Daftar Pustaka


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