KONSEP KEBAHAGIAAN MENURUT IBN AL-HAYTHAM

Oleh : Usep Mohammad Ishaq

Abstract:

Ibn al-Haytham (965-1039) is so far known merely as a mathematician and scientist. It is understandable because most of his available works at this time are on mathematics and science. As a result, researches on his philosophical, psychological, and theological thought are still lacking. This paper discusses Ibn al-Haytham’s philosophy of happiness, using historical research method by collecting and analyzing his works linguistically, particularly his thamarat al-Hikmah. The results reveal that Ibn al-Haytham as well as muslim philosophers of his time accepted the concept of happiness from Greek philosophers, such as Socrates, Plato and Aristotle. However, he incorporated religio-metaphysical dimensions to his concept of happiness. This finding shows that Ibn al-Haytham is not only a mathematician and scientist, but also a philosopher like al-Fārābī, Ibn Miskawayh, and al-Ghazālī.


Keywords: Ibn al-Haytham; concept of happiness; Kitāb Thamarah al-Hikmah.

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